Life and works Early period:
Amboise, France Italian artist, painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist.
He was one of the greatest minds of the Italian Renaissance, and his influence on painting was enormous to the following generations.
Early years Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15,near the village of Vinci about 25 miles west of Florence. He was the illegitimate born to unmarried parents son of Ser Piero da Vinci, a prominent notary a public official who certifies legal documents of Florence, and a local woman, Caterina. Not much is known about Leonardo's childhood except that when he was fifteen, his father apprenticed him to Andrea del Verrocchio —the leading artist of Florence and the early Renaissance.
Verrocchio, a sculptor, painter, and goldsmith, was a remarkable craftsman. He had great concern for the quality of execution in expressing the vitality of the human figure. These elements were important in the formation of Leonardo's artistic style. It should be noted that much in Leonardo's approach to art originated from using tradition, rather than rebelling against it.
Assistant in Verrocchio's workshop Leonardo, after completing his apprenticeship, stayed on as an assistant in Verrocchio's shop. His earliest known painting is in Verrocchio's Baptism of Christ c.
Leonardo executed one of the two angels as well as the distant landscape, and he added the final touches to the figure of Christ, determining the texture of the flesh. Collaboration on a major project by a master and his assistant was standard procedure in the Italian Renaissance. What is special is that Leonardo's work is not a slightly less skilled version of Verrocchio's manner of painting, but an original approach which changed the surface effects from hard to soft, making the edges less cutting, and increasing the slight changes of light and shade.
Independent master in Florence About Leonardo set up his own studio. In he received a major church commission for an altarpiece, the Adoration of the Magi.
In this unfinished painting, Leonardo's new approach is far more developed. A crowd of spectators, with varied faces, looks at the main group of the Virgin and Child. There is a strong sense of continuing movement.
Leonardo placed the Virgin and Child in the center. Traditionally in paintings of this theme they had appeared at one side of the picture, approached by the kings from the other side. Earlier Renaissance artists had applied the rules of linear perspective, by which objects appear smaller in proportion as they are farther away from the eye of the spectator.
Leonardo joined this principle to two others: He wrote about both of these principles in his notebooks. The Magi alterpiece was left unfinished because Leonardo left Florence in to accept the post of court artist to the Duke of Milan. In leaving, Leonardo followed a trend set by masters of the older generation who went to Venice and Rome to execute commissions larger than any available in their native Florence.
Milan — Leonardo presented himself to the Duke of Milan as skilled in many crafts, but particularly in military engineering. He also produced remarkable machinery for stage set-ups.
Both activities point to his intense interest in the laws of motion and propulsion the movement or push forwarda further aspect of his interest in things and their workings.
Leonardo's first Milanese painting is the altarpiece Virgin of the Rocks.
It makes use of a respected tradition in which the Holy Family is shown in a cave. This setting becomes a vehicle for Leonardo's interests in representing nature in dimmed light, which blends together the outlines of separate objects.
He once commented that artists should practice drawing at dusk in courtyards with walls painted black. The other surviving painting of Leonardo's Milanese years is the Last Supper —Leonardo spent the remaining years of his life traveling to cities like Venice and Rome to work on different projects, with a greater concentration on his art (starting on his most famous piece, the Mona Lisa, in ) and studies in anatomy (da Vinci conducted over 30 autopsies in his lifetime).
Watch video · Leonardo da Vinci began apprenticing under the artist Verrocchio. His best-known works are two of the most famous paintings of all time, the "Mona Lisa" and "The Last Supper.". Biography The illegitimate son of a year-old notary, Ser Piero, and a peasant girl, Caterina, Leonardo was born on April 15, , in Vinci, Italy, just outside Florence.
His father took custody of . Aug 30, · Born on April 15, , in Vinci, Italy, Leonardo da Vinci was the son of a prominent attorney notary and a young peasant girl.
Born out of wedlock, he was raised by his father, Ser Piero, and.
5 Major Accomplishments of Leonardo Da Vinci There are some people in history that have had so much influence that their contributions have surpassed their filed of expertise.
Leonardo might have been a brilliant and talented artist, but many of his biggest achievements were not actually works of art, but were the designs for machines that were. Jun 10, · Know about the main works of Leonardo da Vinci by studying his 10 major accomplishments and achievements.
#1 Da Vinci was a prolific inventor As an engineer, Da Vinci conceived ideas much ahead of his time.