A Recent History of Racial Profiling and Policing May 18, Tweet Check out this short summary to better understand the issue of racial profiling in Canada and its recent history. Rather, it extends across the full spectrum of activity in public—walking or jogging in a park, strolling through an affluent neighbourhood, jaywalking across the street, or waiting for a friend outside a transit station may be perceived as disproportionately suspicious depending on the skin colour of the person engaged in the activity. Police misconduct may be viewed as part of a larger picture of systemic mistreatment of racial groups in the justice system. Allegations that the Canadian criminal justice system is racially biased, made at various junctures by different groups over the past several decades, were continually dismissed by government officials as groundless opinions of organizations and advocates.
By Ilya Somin on May 8, I have long been fascinated by the fact that most conservatives support racial and ethnic profiling for national security and law enforcement purposes, yet are categorically opposed to the use of racial or ethnic classifications for affirmative action.
Most liberals, by contrast, take exactly the opposite view. Both ideologies oppose racial and ethnic classifications as a matter of principle in one area, yet defend them on pragmatic grounds in another…. This, despite the fact that not all or even most Middle Eastern Muslims are terrorists, and there are of course some terrorists Richard Reid, Tim McVeigh, etc.
Defenders of affirmative action, of course, make a very similar argument. On average, an African-American or Hispanic applicant to college is more likely to be a victim of racism and to suffer from the historical legacy of Jim Crow and slavery than a white applicant is. Defenders of AA also claim that the average black or Hispanic applicant contributes more to campus diversity than the average white one, although there are of course many individual exceptions to this rule.
What I wrote about conservative defenses of ethnic profiling of suspected terrorists applies equally to arguments for its use in ordinary law enforcement. The recent Arizona law on illegal immigration has rekindled debate over these questions.
Things seem to have improved a bit sinceas conservatives are at least starting to realize that there is a tension between their positions on the two issues.
And it will here as well. Where race is a factor in admissions or law enforcement decisions at all, it will inevitably be decisive in at least some cases. Otherwise, there would be no point in considering it at all. Jonah Goldberg takes the opposite viewbut at least acknowledges that there is a potential contradiction here.
Still, he argues that racial profiling in law enforcement is more defensible than affirmative action because it causes less harm to its victims: Many have pointed out the inconsistency of conservatives who support law-enforcement profiling while opposing admissions quotas, and of liberals who support quotas but loathe profiling.
It means he will be asked to prove his citizenship, which he will obviously be able to do. And that will be it. Whether affirmative action causes more harm to its victims than racial profiling varies from case to case. The fear that racial profiling engenders among lower-class blacks and Hispanics including those who never actually get profiled themselves is also a significant cost.
White and Asian victims of affirmative action sometimes do suffer great losses, just as Goldberg suggests. In many cases, however, they simply end up attending universities comparable to or only slightly less prestigious than those that rejected them.
As with racial profiling, the magnitude of the loss varies widely from case to case. Once established, they have a strong tendency to expand, a point that conservative scholar Thomas Sowell nicely demonstrated in two of his books surveying such policies around the world see here and here.
The same point applies to conservative claims that racial profiling in law enforcement can be confined to really important objectives such as combatting terrorism which Clegg, for example, advocates.
Once institutionalized, racial profiling is likely to expand just like affirmative action did. And, in fact, that is exactly what has happened in Europe.
In sum, conservatives deserve credit for beginning to recognize the ways in which their critique of affirmative action also applies to racial profiling. But many of them should go farther in recognizing the parallels between the two. The same point applies to those on the left who continue to ignore the relevance of their critique of racial profiling to affirmative action.
For those who may be interested, I later expanded my post into a short essay in this Opposing Viewpoints volume on racial profiling.Significant EEOC Race/Color Cases (Covering Private and Federal Sectors) In enforcing Title VII's prohibition of race and color discrimination, the EEOC has filed, resolved, and adjudicated a number of cases since The essay concludes by issuing a new call to action for future research in the area of racial profiling.
Rather than seeking incremental improvements in data collection and methodology, this essay argues for a fundamental reconceptualization of . This thoughtful and scrupulous analysis of racial profiling's history, uses and ultimate failure as a measure for crime prevention takes on .
Race & Gender. STUDY. PLAY. Race.
|How To Write An Essay On Police Brutality||A new Pew Research Center survey finds profound differences between black and white adults in their views on racial discrimination, barriers to black progress and the prospects for change.|
biologically transmitted characteristics. If you were wishing to raise the social standing of minorities who have been subject to historical prejudice and discrimination, which of the following policies would you support?
In his analysis of the importance of race in the U.S. society, W.E.B. Du Bois. If racial profiling exists it is evident that racial discrimination also exists and is somewhat visible in the justice system.
Racial profiling within in the society by police, at every level of the justice system influences the statistical information of minorities in the Canadian criminal justice system. "The hubbub over the large racial gap in home loans here obscures a trend: a dramatic jump in the rate in which home seekers of all races are turned down for loans around the nation.
For some reason, Milwaukee has bucked this trend, and on both sides of the color line.