Share on Facebook Motivated employees are more productive and creative than those who are unmotivated. They enjoy their work more and experience less stress.
Top 8 Theories of Motivation — Explained! Some of the most important theories of motivation are as follows: From the very beginning, when the human organisations were established, various thinkers have tried to find out the answer to what motivates people to work.
Different approaches applied by them have resulted in a number of theories concerning motivation. These are discussed in brief in that order. Drawing chiefly on his clinical experience, he classified all human needs into a hierarchical manner from the lower to the higher order.
In essence, he believed that once a given level of need is satisfied, it no longer serves to motivate man. Then, the next higher level of need has to be activated in order to motivate the man. Maslow identified five levels in his need hierarchy as shown in figure These are now discussed one by one: These needs are basic to human life and, hence, include food, clothing, shelter, air, water and necessities of life.
These needs relate to the survival and maintenance of human life. They exert tremendous influence on human behaviour. These needs are to be met first at least partly before higher level needs emerge.
Once physiological needs are satisfied, they no longer motivate the man.
After satisfying the physiological needs, the next needs felt are called safety and security needs. These needs find expression in such desires as economic security and protection from physical dangers.
Meeting these needs requires more money and, hence, the individual is prompted to work more. Like physiological needs, these become inactive once they are satisfied.
Man is a social being. He is, therefore, interested in social interaction, companionship, belongingness, etc. It is this socialising and belongingness why individuals prefer to work in groups and especially older people go to work.
These needs refer to self-esteem and self-respect. They include such needs which indicate self-confidence, achievement, competence, knowledge and independence.
The fulfillment of esteem needs leads to self-confidence, strength and capability of being useful in the organisation. However, inability to fulfill these needs results in feeling like inferiority, weakness and helplessness.Motivation can be divided into two different theories known as intrinsic (internal or inherent) motivation and extrinsic (external) motivation.
Intrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation has been studied since the early s. Intrinsic motivation is the self-desire. Behavioral psychologists have developed various theories about motivation in an attempt to better understand and control human behavior.
A basic understanding of three major motivation theories helps us to see how motivation can be applied in the workplace. Self-theories: Their Role in Motivation, Personality, and Development (Essays in Social Psychology) 1st Edition.
The term motivation theory is concerned with the processes that describe why and how human behavior is activated and directed. It is regarded as one of the most important areas of study in the field of organizational behavior. There are two different categories of motivation theories such as content theories, and process theories.
Jun 27, · There are several theories concerning motivational styles, all of which consider what factors help guarantee performance from your workers. As a . Lesson: 20 MOTIVATION & ITS THEORIES Welcome to today’s lesson on motivation.
We have appreciated earlier the importance of motivation .