Essay on type 2 diabetes mellitus

Pay only for approved parts Diabetes Essay Sample Posted on December 9, by EssayShark Introduction Diabetes or Diabetes mellitus is a complex group of diseases caused by a number of reasons.

Essay on type 2 diabetes mellitus

Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The pathophysiology of Diabetes mellitus type 2 with a description of some of the common presenting symptoms of polyuria, polydipsia and polyphagia.

Essay on type 2 diabetes mellitus

Explore the importance of incorporating the 5 components of managing the disease and discuss why the Indigenous population are more than 3. Under normal circumstances insulin is the main regulator of the metabolism and storage of carbohydrates, fats and protein.


Another important role of insulin is in the peripheral tissues where it facilitates glucose into cells, transport of amino acids across muscle membranes to synthesise into protein and transport of trigylcerides into adipose tissue.

This resistance according to Capriotti encourages the pancreas to secrete increasing amounts of insulin as a regulatory response to control glycaemic levels.

Lastly the liver can not regulate appropriate levels of glucose to match blood glucose levels creating an overflow into the bloodstream as insulin resistance continues and hyperglycaemia develops Capriotti Classic combinations of symptoms are seen as the 3 Ps, polydipsia, polyuria and polyphagia all of which are associated to the high levels of glucose in the blood.

Hyperosmolarity and depletion of intracellular water are a result which triggers sensors in the brain to interpret this as thirst polydipsia Hill An increase in hunger polyphagia is stimulated due to insulin deficiency activating catabolism of proteins and fats increasing appetite Hill and polyuria frequent urination is due to excess glucose creating an osmotic diuresis in the kidneys Hill drawing large amounts of water with it.

The newly diagnosed patient should be informed of the importance of these symptoms which if left unnoticed or ignored can lead to hyperosmotic non-ketotic state Hill Long term uncontrolled diabetes mellitus leads to chronic health issues, disability, a poor quality of life and premature death in Australia s worldwide Thomson A study by the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health survey found that indigenous Australians were more than 10 times more likely to die from diabetes than the rest of the Australian population.

Traditional aboriginals lived as hunters and gatherers but with the exposure of westernised lifestyles the indigenous people have changed their affinity with the land Thomson This exposure to foods high in fat and sugars, alcohol and nicotine use along with a sedentary lifestyle have placed them in a high risk category of developing diabetes and at an earlier age than non indigenous people Thomson Aboriginal people had the genetic makeup to survive when food was scarce but now this once efficient metabolism, exposed to a western influence is now working against them Thomson As Mr Daley is a newly diagnosed patient, there is a real need to focus on education.

Education has been identified as a significant factor in the effective control of blood glucose levels.

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Jerreat Managing diabetes can be challenging and support is needed if the individual is to have a close to normal life AIHW Firstly education is important to emphasise to the patient the importance of close monitoring and management as diabetes can become a chronic disease with multiple health issues and a poor quality of life AIHW Mr Daley should be educated on diabetes and provided with pamphlets to take home.

The nurse could also ask him to attend a clinic daily for more education and supervision with blood glucose monitoring and she could also answer any questions he may have AIWW The newly diagnosed patient will need to know the importance of making changes to their lifestyle in regards to nutrition, diet and weight control Farrell Obesity is a major contributing factor to the likelihood of developing diabetes mellitus type 2 as fat cells in particular are resistant to insulin action therefore these people can develop the disease.

For this reason weight loss can dramatically improve blood glucose levels Farrell The nurse could provide information on low GI foods and the benefits of consuming these in relation to maintaining blood glucose levels for longer periods Capaldi Educate the patient to eat regular meals, foods high in fibre and at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables each day.

Reduce sugar — containing foods and drink alcohol in moderation and with food Capaldi Alcohol consumption greatly reduces the diabetic person from being able to control blood glucose as the physiological processes are changed Farrell The patient affected by alcohol may not recognise the symptoms of hypoglycaemia and place themselves in danger Farrell Exercise has been found to be an effective tool in controlling blood glucose levels in people with diabetes type2 Thomas et al.

Exercise lowers the level of glucose in the blood as muscles use up glucose when they are working Farrell Here is your short essay on diabetes! Diabetes mellitus, commonly called as diabetes is a disease of metabolic disorder where the blood sugar levels tend to remain high either because insufficient insulin is produced in pancreas or because the cells not responding to the insulin produced.

In Type 2 diabetes, the cells are not able to use. Of all metabolic disease, diabetes mellitus – or simple diabetes, as many now know it – is one of the most widely known, widely studied and widely feared diseases.

The disease results from an abnormality of insulin in the human body’s system, usually resulting in high blood sugar content.

Case study on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Essay Sample

Published: Mon, 5 Dec Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. Diabetes mellitus is where the body cells cannot use glucose properly for lack of or resistance to the hormone insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic condition, characterised by hyperglycaemia, caused by defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both (National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) ; Aslan ).

Type 2 Diabetes. In type 2 diabetes mellitus, there is low production of insulin by the body cells or the body does not effectively make use of the produced insulin. Type 2 diabetes is known to be the commonest type of diabetes; in fact, 90% of diabetes sufferers have type 2 diabetes (World Health Organization, ).

Diabetes Mellitus – Essay Sample Of all metabolic disease, diabetes mellitus – or simple diabetes, as many now know it – is one of the most widely known, widely studied and widely feared diseases.

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