Topics include major events, persons, and issues spanning the period from the African heritage to contemporary times. Students survey the evolution of African American expressive culture in music, literature, film, art, and dance. The course includes lectures, discussions, and video presentations. Besides being the first rap artist to be inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame and holding the record for the most number one albums by a solo artist, JAY-Z's body of work stands as a monumental contribution to American culture.
The match was held in an S-shaped lever the serpentine over a pan of priming powder. Pulling the trigger lowered the match, igniting the priming powder, which then by means of a touch-hole ignited the main powder charge in the barrel and fired the projectile.
Despite their deficiencies, matchlock firearms proved remarkably enduring—largely because they were inexpensive to manufacture and simple to use.
By the mid- to late sixteenth century, Northern Europe saw the development of the snaphance, or snaphaunce, lock. A similar type of lock, the miquelet, appeared around the same time in Southern Europe.
Technical refinements to both eventually led to the introduction of the true flintlock early in the seventeenth century. Captain John Smith, while prisoner on a French pirate ship inwrote A Description of New England about the bountiful land he had explored the previous year.
Smallpox, measles, and other European diseases to which the Indians lacked immunity had depopulated the land.
The real source of the providence was more likely the explorers and fishermen who had visited the coast since the beginning of the century and perhaps even before. The natives were enslaved as well as infected. Through such contact, the coastal societies were devastated and disillusioned.
On the first Christmas Day at the colony, the Pilgrims heard distant shouting and saw smoke rising some miles away. But when Miles Standish, the chief military man in the community, went to investigate, he found only empty huts.
Still, the Pilgrims, desperately weak from their voyage, lived in constant fear of attack. Their first real meeting with an Indian, however, was most amicable. The Pilgrim Fathers sat listening all afternoon and on into the night while he told them of the nearby tribes.
The natives nearest the Pilgrims were Wampanoags. Samoset left promising to return with some members of the tribe, and within a few days be was back with Massasoit, the grand sachem, or chief, of the Wampanoags, and an Indian named Tisquantum.
This latter, whose name was shortened to Squanto by the Pilgrims, had been kidnapped, taken to England by a ship captain, and later returned to his native country.
In some pomp a green carpet was laid on the ground for the comfort of the seated negotiatorsthe Pilgrims and Wampanoags agreed to avoid any injury to each other and to aid each other in repelling attacks by outside enemies.
The treaty proved a durable document. The peace it brought the Pilgrims allowed them to get their community firmly established and to learn something of the ways of their strange new allies. The Narragansets backed down. A harsher example of Pilgrim sternness came two years later, when Bradford got word of a planned attack on the settlement of Wessagusett, a new community up the coast from Plymouth.
The colonists there were a seamy lot who had courted trouble by various abuses, including stealing corn from the neighboring Massachuset Indians. Nevertheless, the people of Wessagusett were Englishmen, and their fate was linked to that of the Pilgrims, so Plymouth sent Captain Standish to the settlement.
There, under the guise of conferring with Witawamet, chief of the Massachusetts and the suspected ringleader of the rumored attack, Standish lured him and his tribesmen from the woods into the open.
In proportion to its population, the Massachusetts Bay colony had more university graduates than England itself. Its aims were godly; its leaders shrewd.
And it was powerful; by the middle of the decade, there were 8, people living in Massachusetts Bay, while Plymouth had not grown beyond Like their Plymouth counterparts, the Massachusetts Bay settlers landed in an area that had been cleared by the plague.
Although welcomed by the surviving Indians, the new arrivals were frightened by reports of native cruelty. When, for example, on an early spring night in a man in Watertown innocently fired his musket into the air to scare wolves away from his cattle, the whole colony went on alert.Jun 27, · The Pentagon’s new strategic guidance, Sustaining U.S.
Global Leadership: entirely undesirable Sino-American conflict occurs. There is a high probability that a conflict with China would be a long war. For the last years, wars between. In the American view, conflict management avoids politically painful choices. Americans equate a stable status quo to peace.
As Chinese see it, the status quo is one of political struggle and latent military conflict; hence it is inconsistent with peace.
They think that replacement of strategic dispensations that suspend war with accords to resolve the issues that risk it is ultimately essential to secure China's . Jul 30, · From Chinese perspective, an improved and consolidated Sino-U.S.
relationship usually means a favorable external development environment for China, which is desperately needed, not to mention the technology, capital, and the huge market of the U.S., which are all important factors for China’s economy.
Defending the New Nation: Who was the last active Continental Navy officer and the first U.S. Navy commissioned officer? John Barry Why were the border lakes between the U.S. and Canada of strategic importance during the War of ?
Power and Paradox: Asian Geopolitics and Sino the United States needs to embrace “realistic engagement”—in the form of a balanced strategy—aimed at avoiding future Sino-American conflict while indicating to Beijing that challenging ); Kenneth D.
Johnson, China's Strategic Culture: A Perspective for the United States. 18mins Powerful sheikh steps aside from IOC after forgery charge ; 37mins Bring law to jail sugar mill owners for not paying farmers their due, says sugarcane farmers’ leader ; 41mins Nissan.