As the code is based on a unit test that simulates a HTTP status codethere is some assertion code etc.
Using SSL Certificates Sending usernames and passwords in cleartext over the Internet risks the possibility that they may be intercepted, also doing online banking or other financial transactions using clear text is a major gamble that your details will be captured.
By encrypting our communication so that only the user and the server are able to access the information, we stand a far greater chance of ensuring our details will not be disclosed to some unknown third parties.
The Apache server utilises the Secure Sockets Layer SSL to create a secure link between itself and the connecting web brower, so that any information being passed is hidden from view. This does not stop any data from being captured, but it changes the information using cryptographic algorithms which would take an attacker an awfully long time to decrypt.
There are a few points you need to be aware of before implementing SSL certificates: SSL uses Public Key asymmetric Cryptography there are two keys - public and private You need to keep your private key safe someone could impersonate you if they have your key SSL communicates to the server through TCP port Name based virtual hosts can not use SSL only one certificate for the main site Some countries do not allow the use of cryptography be careful where you employ it You need to read MUCH more than this howto to fully understand SSL Apache uses the SSL module which in-turn accesses the OpenSSL libraries needed to implement the cryptographic mechanisms.
Being a module, the configuration file is located in a separate area from the main configuration. The private key must be kept secure, while the public key can be given to anyone that needs it, thats why its called the public key.
Now that we are going to be making cryptographic keys, we need a secure environment in which to create and store them. The following is suitable for a home environment. This following command creates a private key for the server.
It also creates a certificate signing request file which contains a copy of your public key and some personal details that identify you and the server.
If your web site is going to be used to offer public services or e-commerce applications, the digital certificate should be signed by a proper Certifying Authority CA. The contents of the "certsignreq. What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
Miles Brennan Organizational Unit Name eg, section : The servers name inside the certificate should be the fully qualified hostname that a user is connecting to, otherwise the web browser will throw the user a warning message.
If the servers name is galaxy.
Using your own self-signed digital certificate causes the browser to query the certificate when a user connects to the website, the certificate must be manually accepted before the user can proceed.
In this example we are creating a self-signed certificate with a five year life -days The original private key that was created used a passphrase to provide it with extra protection in case someone was to gain physical access to the key file. When the Apache server starts, it asks for the passphrase for the private key; this extra precaution stops someone being able to impersonate your website if they get a copy of your private key.
If the server needs to be restarted and no one is available to enter the passphrase for the server, then it will simply wait and the server will not start. This passphrase checking can be removed using the following sequence of commands, remember to secure the file so only the root user can access it.
After the keys and certificate have been prepared, they can be copied across to the location where the Apache server will load them automatically at runtime.
If you configured your server with a self-signed certificate as a temporary measure, then the temporary certificate can be easily replaced with the real one when it is returned from the CA.
If your private key file is ever compromised or lost, you will need to regenerate new keys starting from step one again. Forcing SSL Mode Now that the server is enabled with SSL, all interactions with the server that deal in usernames, passwords, financial or personal details can and should be sent using the protocol.
This is most simply done by typing https in the address bar instead of http, this can also be coded into any webpages to automate the process. The rewrite module now provides a way to force any incoming connection request to the SSL protocol, assuming some predefined criteria like a secure server directory.
The rewrite log can be used for debugging if need be.How install Apache , PHP and MySQL on Windows 7. to generate this documentation. Amendments and improvements to the documentation are welcomed. Click this link to file a new documentation bug against Apache HBase with some values pre-selected.
This sampler lets you send an HTTP/HTTPS request to a web server. It also lets you control whether or not JMeter parses HTML files for images and other embedded resources and sends HTTP requests to retrieve them.
Webmasters generally use mod_rewrite to improve user-friendliness and search engine friendliness of web sites by exposing more memorable and crawlable URLs to the world with mod_rewrite.
Also, it can help hide any sensitive information such as query strings from URL requests.
With online learning, the field of higher education is no different. Even 10 years ago, online learning was a game changer. But simply taking classes online isn’t enough, not anymore.
Today, you need a better, more personal learning experience. Apache sends all post requests to 'torosgazete.com', this stores form data in torosgazete.com and redirects the URL (losing post data).
Once the 'torosgazete.com' picks it up it writes all torosgazete.com data back into the form scope before delivering the content.