By Saul McLeodupdated Sigmund Freudnoted a number of ego defenses which he refers to throughout his written works. His daughter Anna developed these ideas and elaborated on them, adding ten of her own. Many psychoanalysts have also added further types of ego defenses. Defense mechanisms are psychological strategies that are unconsciously used to protect a person from anxiety arising from unacceptable thoughts or feelings.
The Temporomandibular TM Joint is the jaw joint. You have two TM joints which work together as a pair, one in front of each ear. The joints connect the lower jaw bone the mandible to the temporal bones of the skull on each side of the head.
The muscles controlling the joints are attached to the mandible and allow the jaw to move in three directions: When you open your mouth, the rounded upper ends of the mandible on each side of the jaw the condyles glide along the joint socket at the base of the skull.
They slide back to their original position when you close your mouth. To keep this motion working smoothly, a soft tissue disc lies between the condyle and the socket.
The disc absorbs the shock to the joint from chewing and other movements.
The combination of synchronized as well as three-dimensional movements of the paired joints distinguishes them as the most complicated joints in the body.
They also differ in biological composition from other weight-bearing joints, like the hip or knee.
What are Temporomandibular Disorders? Temporomandibular Disorders TMD are a complex and poorly understood set of conditions characterized by pain in the jaw joint and surrounding tissues and limitation in jaw movements.
Injuries and other conditions that routinely affect other joints in the body, such as arthritis, also affect the Temporomandibular Joint.
Also included under the heading of TMD are disorders involving the jaw muscles. These may accompany the jaw joint problems or occur independently.
Scientists have found that most patients with TMD also experience painful conditions in other parts of the body. These comorbid conditions include chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic headache, endometriosis, fibromyalgia, interstitial cystitis, irritable bowel syndrome, low back pain, sleep disorders, and vulvodynia.
They are considered comorbid because they occur together more often than chance can explain. In addition, the conditions share other features. These findings are stimulating research into common mechanisms underlying all of these comorbid conditions.
Note that many of the comorbidities mentioned are more prevalent or occur exclusively in women. While both men and women experience these disorders, the majority of those seeking treatment are women in their childbearing years.
The ratio of women to men increases with the severity of symptoms, approaching nine women for every one man with major limitations in jaw movements and chronic, unrelenting pain.
Adding to the complexity of TMD is that there can be multiple causes — as well as cases where no obvious cause can be found. Some known causes are the following: Studies have shown that a particular gene variant increases sensitivity to pain, and this variant has been found to be more prevalent among TMD patients than among the population at large.Diuretic Therapy in CHF.
Over time, the retention of sodium leads to crackles, peripheral edema, hepatomegaly with ascites, increased blood volume, and increased cardiac filling pressures.
OCH Regional Medical Center will provide 50 free flu vaccinations on Saturday, October 20 from 8 – 10 a.m. in the OCH Community Room. “Now is the time to act on prevention,” said OCH Infection Control Manager Savannah Brown, RN.
Freud’s Concept of Repression and Defense, Its Theoretical and Observational Language • rability of Repression and Most Forms of Defense, Summary, Chapter II. REPRESSIVE AND "NONREPRESSIVE" DEFENSES 31 of Repression, SYMPTOMS, ; SITUATIONAL REMOTENESS, Ob- servational Language and Primal Repression, PRIMAL.
The dental chart is a permanent record of the whats, whys, whens, and what nexts in a patient’s dental care. It should include.
The defense mechanism has been one of the most elusive concepts in psychology. Its definition as an unconscious process removes it from being directly observable, while its very functioning may distort the individual’s ability to report on its consequences. This was the first defense mechanism that Freud discovered, and arguably the most important.
Name the Defense Mechanism Activity BPS Article on Repression Defense Mechanisms Summary Table Psychological defense: Contemporary theory and research .