Philippine presidential election, Marcos ran a populist campaign emphasizing that he was a bemedalled war hero emerging from World War II. InMarcos would claim to be the most decorated war hero of the Philippines by garnering almost every medal and decoration that the Filipino and American governments could give to a soldier.
There are specific bureaus and offices directly under the Office of the President. Both the President and the Vice-President are elected by direct vote of the Filipino people for a term of six years.
The President is not eligible for a reelection while the Vice President cannot serve for more than two terms. Congress is empowered to promulgate rules in the canvassing of certificates of election. The Supreme Court sitting en banc is the sole judge of all election contests relating to their election, returns and qualifications Art VII, sec.
Both may be removed from office by impeachment Art. XI, sec, 3 and tried and decided by the Senate Art. XI, sec, 3 6. The Cabinet members are nominated by the President, subject to the confirmation of the Commission on Appointments Art. Cabinet members are nominated by the President, subject to the confirmation of the Commission on Appointments Art.
The President exercises control over all the executive departments, bureaus and offices Art. History has provided that the legislative structure has undergone numerous changes.
To better appreciate its transition, the Philippine Senate has provided a detailed account and is found on Senate website. Senate of the Philippines The Senate is composed of twenty four 24 Senators who are elected at large by qualified voters who serve for a term of not more than six 6 years.
No Senator may be elected for more than two consecutive terms. The Senate President is elected by majority vote of its members.
There are thirty six 36 permanent committees and five 5 oversight committees. The sole judge of contests relating to election, returns and qualifications of members of the Senate rests with the Senate Electoral Tribunal SET which is composed of nine members, three of whom are Justices of the Supreme Court and six members of the Senate.
House of Representatives The House of Representatives is composed of not more than two hundred fifty members, elected by legislative districts for a term of three years. The election of party-list representatives was by virtue of the Republic Act No.
Commission on Elections G. The Court in this decision provided a procedure in the allocation of additional seats under the Party-List System. Major political parties are disallowed from participating in party-list elections. The Speaker of the House is elected by majority vote of its members.
There are fifty seven 57 standing committees and sixteen 16 special committees of the House of Representatives.
Organizational Chart was amended due to the passage of Republic Act No. The judiciary enjoys fiscal autonomy. Its appropriation may not be reduced by the legislature below the appropriated amount the previous year Art.
The Rules of Court of the Philippines as amended and the rules and regulations issued by the Supreme Court define the rules and procedures of the Judiciary. To inform the members of the Judiciary, legal profession and the public of these rules and regulations, the Supreme Court disseminates this rules and regulations to all courts, publishes important ones in newspapers of general circulation, prints in book or pamphlet form and now downloads them in the Supreme Court website and the Supreme Court E-Library website.
Department of Justice Administrative Order No. Supreme Court of the Philippines The barangay chiefs exercised judicial authority prior to the arrival of Spaniards in During the early years of the Spanish period, judicial powers were vested upon Miguel Lopez de Legaspi, the first governor general of the Philippines where he administered civil and criminal justice under the Royal Order of August 14, The Royal Audencia was established on May 5,composed of a president, four oidores justices and a fiscal.
The Audencia exercised both administrative and judicial functions. Its functions and structure were modified in when its president was replaced by a chief justice and the number of justices was increased. It came to be known as the Audencia Territorial de Manila with two branches, civil and criminal.
Royal Decree issued July 24, converted it to a purely judicial body wherein its decisions were appealable to the Supreme Court of the Philippines to the Court of Spain in Madrid. A territorial Audencia in Cebu and Audencia for criminal cases in Vigan were organized on February 26, The Audencias were suspended by General Wesley Merrit when a military government was established after Manila fell to American forces in Major General Elwell S.
Said Order provided for six Filipino members of the Audencia. Filipinization of the Supreme Court started only during the Commonwealth, With the ratification of the Constitution, the membership was increased to 11 with two divisions of five members each.The Creation of States in International Law James R.
Crawford. Publisher: Oxford University Press. Published in print: Published online: January What Is the Law System in the Philippines? The legal system in the Philippines is varied, with many of the islands and larger cities often policing themselves.
Local law codes are present in many areas. Most of the time, a substantive law system, which include civil law, criminal law, and labor law in the country are defined by the country's.
In Africa and in the Philippines, as in many other lower socio-economic regions of the world, there is a large problem with products that have been outlawed in the U.S.
and most of Europe. The Philippine legal system may be considered as a unique legal system because it is a blend of civil law (Roman), common law (Anglo-American), Muslim (Islamic) law and indigenous law. Like other legal systems, there are two main sources of law. Sin Tax Reform Republic Act , or the Sin Tax Reform Law, is one of the landmark legislations under the Aquino Administration.
It is primarily a health measure with revenue implications, but more fundamentally, it is a good governance measure. Agricultural Education. AGRI Interdisciplinary Agricultural Science and Technology.
This course is designed to develop competencies of agricultural science teachers to teach essential elements in agricultural business, agricultural mechanization, animal science, and horticulture and crop science.