Force for Evil or Sacred Warriors? Sep 14, Ian Harvey When we think of Vikings, what often comes to mind are images of men in horned helmets and long cloaks, sailing off to conquer and pillage various parts of Europe. Well… that, and berserkers.
WikiPaintings The Vikings were a seafaring people from the late eighth to early 11th century who established a name for themselves as traders, explorers and warriors.
They discovered the Americas long before Columbus and could be found as far east as the distant reaches of Russia. While these people are often attributed as savages raiding the more civilized nations for treasure and women, the motives and culture of the Viking people are much more diverse.
These raiders also facilitated many changes throughout the lands from economics to warfare. The Viking Age Many historians commonly associate the term "Viking" to the Scandinavian term vikingr, a word for "pirate. During this time, the reach of the Scandinavian people extended to all corners of northern Europe, and many other nations found Vikings raiding their coasts.
The farthest reported records of Vikings were in Baghdad for the trading of goods like fur, tusks and seal fat. A Viking raid on the monks of Lindisfarne, a small island located off the northeast coast of England, marked the start of the Viking migration from Scandinavia in This location was a well-known abbey of learning, famous throughout the continent for the knowledgeable monks and its extensive library.
During this raid, monks were killed, thrown into the sea or taken as slaves along with many treasures of the church, and the library itself razed.
This single event set the stage for how Vikings would be perceived throughout the Viking Age: In the years that followed the initial raid, coastal villages, monasteries and even cities found themselves besieged by these sea-based foreign intruders.
Due to the frequency of sea attacks, many developments were made in developing fortifications in the forms of walled-in harbors and sea-facing stone walls, defenses that proved to be quite effective at deterring raids.
The reason behind these attacks is a topic of debate among academics, though the reasons often stem from such things as the Christian persecution and forced baptism of pagans to reduced agricultural outputs in the Scandinavian region. Many more documented reasons might have prompted these people to leave their cold and harsh homes to seek out the means to survive elsewhere.
Yet, despite how unforgiving their homeland may have been, most Vikings still returned to their homeland at the end of each season with treasure, slaves and goods to survive yet another winter. The Viking ship At the heart of the Viking culture lies the Viking ship.
These extraordinary vessels — longships in particular — shaped the lives of the sea-faring Norse and changed the course of European history.
Honed for more than 10 centuries, the ship-building skills of the Norse led to a variety of vessels — from small fishing boats and big-bellied cargo vessels to the famous lightning-fast longships used for raiding.
But no matter the size, most of the ships were designed to be narrow in shape with short drafts vertical distance between waterline and bottom of shipfeatures that gave them high adaptability for use in the ocean and rivers.
The keel, along with the addition of a large mast and sail, would ultimately allow the Norsemen to make long journeys across the North Atlantic. These vessels are now looked back upon as revolutionary in design and a technological miracle. To begin the ship-building process, the Vikings would drive wedges into freshly-cut trees until the wood split along the grain.
Up to 20 great oaks might be cut down for a ship. The wood was shaped and arranged so that the planks fit together perfectly in a clinker construction, overlapping like a fan. In clinker shipbuilding, the outside is started first, and then the frame is put inside it, according to the living history site Regia Anglorum.
The ship was coated with a watertight mixture of tar-soaked animal hair, wool or moss and stabilized with iron rivets.
The end result was an incredibly fast and flexible longship that nothing could catch. The men rowed with a series of oars, supplemented with a large sail most likely made of wool.
Rather than a rudder, the longships had a steerboard fastened to the right-hand side of the ship at the stern, according to Royal Museums Greenwich. Norse villages and communities came together to build ships with the intention of improving their lives through the business of raiding.
InVikings ruthlessly attacked Nantes on the French coast, and because of their ability to maneuver up rivers, they went on to raid towns as far inland as Paris, Limoges, Orleans, Tours and Nimes, according to History. The Vikings paid as much attention to art as to craft.
The longships were usually adorned with carved dragon heads at the bow, which were believed to keep evil spirits away. The dragon head coupled with a large square, red-striped sail would come to be known as the signature of the Vikings.
The sight would strike fear into the hearts of Europeans for three centuries.
The Viking sagas tell of journeys they undertook from these Greenland colonies to the New World. They mention places named "Helluland" widely believed to be Baffin Island"Markland" widely believed to be Labrador and "Vinland" a more mysterious location which some archaeologists believe could be Newfoundland.
That site was excavated in the s. Additionally there are three possible Viking sites that archaeologists have recently excavated in Canada. Two of the possible sites are located in Newfoundland while a third site is located on Baffin Island in the Canadian Arctic.Medieval Viking Helmets.
See all results; View all Viking Helmet Medieval Viking Helmets. Kids Viking Helmet; Medieval Viking Helmet; Note: Mannequins Not Included.
All steel and iron parts can oxidize so oiling and regular cleaning should be done to prevent rusting. This is a binding contract. It is your responsibility to.
In the Viking era, fighting men probably wore their helmets all day. The classic example from the sagas of a fighter killed before he could put on his helmet occurs in The Gjermundbu helmet shown above is the only more-or-less complete Viking-age helmet from the Viking lands.
Most Viking helmets survive only as fragments. There are, however. When they began mistaking Vikings, the guys who set sails to raid, explore or trade, with the regular Norse folks (basically, Norvegians, Swedes and Danes).
Some of them wore hats/whatever decorated with animal parts, but so did other people following other religion of that kind (down to Earth gods. The Viking style conical helmets went out of fashion in the 12th Century, people who could afford a helmet wore one that gave more protection to the face.
The helmet evolved into something better. Reply ↓. Find great deals on eBay for viking helmets. Shop with confidence. Viking History: Facts & Myths. By Ryan Goodrich, Vikings wore horned helmets Archaeologists find evidence on a regular basis of combs, spoons and other grooming utensils that indicate the.