See Article History Gawain, hero of Arthurian legend and romance. A nephew and loyal supporter of King ArthurGawain appeared in the earliest Arthurian literature as a model of knightly perfection, against whom all other knights were measured. As the Grail theme began to emerge as an important element of Arthurian romance, in the great prose romances of the 13th century known as the Vulgate cycleGawain was no longer seen as the ideal knight. In the Queste del Saint Graal, especially, he was unable to perceive the spiritual significance of the Grail, refused to seek divine aid through the sacraments, relied on his own prowess, and failed utterly in the quest.
Some historians have traced its association with Arthur as far back as some of the earliest legends about him. But the Grail first began to shine as a major Christian symbol in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, particularly with the circulation of the Vulgate Cycle, written by an unknown author.
On the eve before Pentecost, a beautiful woman came to Arthur's castle, and asked Lancelot to follow her into the forest.
Lancelot, always the chivalrous knight, agreed, and the two went out. They rode until they came to a nunnery. As they entered it, Lancelot saw that two of his cousins, Sir Bors and Sir Lionel, were already there.
Then the nuns brought out a young man and asked Lancelot to knight him. Lancelot agreed, and the youth was knighted. The next day, as he and his cousins were riding back to Arthur's castle, Sir Bors remarked that the young man had looked so much like Lancelot, it must have been his son by Elaine.
When Lancelot returned to Camelot, the knights were all summoned to meet at the Round Table.
As he took his seat, he saw that there was now an inscription above the Siege Perilous. With him was the young man Lancelot had knighted the evening before. He was Galahad, Lancelot's son by Elaine. He took his rightful place at the Siege Perilous. Shortly later, an image of the Holy Grail appeared, floating over the table.
It was a sign. It was time for Arthur and his knights to seek out the Grail. In the adventure that followed, Galahad quickly proved himself to be the greatest knight of all time.
Whereas his father had been charismatic and charming, Galahad was pure of heart, and refrained from much temptation in order to pursue more heavenly ideals. Many of Arthur's knights sought out the Grail, but most returned badly wounded, or worse.
Then three knights went out in search of it: When the knights arrived, they were met by a host of Galahad's family from Elaine's side. When Galahad held them, the sword became whole again.
Galahad was given a vision, and he was shown wonders beyond any mortal men can imagine. When he came out of his trance, he knew what had to be done.
The Grail was in Britain, he said.Yvain, or the Knight with the Lion from Arthurian Romances by Chrétien de Troyes Listen to this story and subscribe to The Myths and Legends Podcast!
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Arthur, the good King of Britain, whose prowess teaches us that we, too, should be. "Yvain The Knight Of The Lion," by M.T. Anderson, illustrated by Andrea Offerman, is based on a 12th century epic poem by Chretien de Troyes, the original source of the King Arthur stories The result is a sharp critique of medieval social strictures, with stunning battle scenes, monsters, and blood/5(5).
Gawain: Gawain, hero of Arthurian legend and romance. A nephew and loyal supporter of King Arthur, Gawain appeared in the earliest Arthurian literature as a model of knightly perfection, against whom all other knights were measured.
In the 12th-century Historia regum Britanniae, by Geoffrey of Monmouth. Yvain quickly unhorses the braggart seneschal and then reveals himself to King Arthur and the other knights.
All are delighted to find Yvain safe and well. For a week thereafter, Yvain and his lady entertain the royal party with feasting and entertainment of all kinds.
Yvain is a honorable knight of Arthur's Round Table, he defeats a man in battle and marries his beautiful widow, Lady Laudine. After pledging to return from his wandering ways to his new wife after a year and a day, he loses track /5. Yvain, the Knight of the Lion (French: Yvain ou le Chevalier au Lion) is an Arthurian romance by French poet Chrétien de Troyes.
It was written c. simultaneously with Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, and includes several references to .